Critical Features of Science Education: A Comparison between Global and National Education Policy for Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh
Journal of Research in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, Volume 6, Issue 2, May 2023, pp. 83-98
OPEN ACCESS VIEWS: 67 DOWNLOADS: 30 Publication date: 15 May 2023
OPEN ACCESS VIEWS: 67 DOWNLOADS: 30 Publication date: 15 May 2023
Rohingya refugee children, a persecuted minority, should have the opportunity to acquire the level of scientific literacy necessary to survive and thrive in an increasingly scientific world. Unfortunately, our understanding of the role science education holds in the various educational policies that guide the programming for Rohingya refugee children in the camps in Bangladesh is minimal. The purpose of this study was to enhance that understanding. A vertical axes comparative case study approach was used to compare and analyze the policies at the global and national levels to elucidate the existing inclusion or lack of science and scientific literacy for the Rohingya refugee education system. Findings showed that the educational policies fall short in supporting and promoting science and scientific literacy along with numeracy and literacy. Based on evidence on comparison between global and national policies for education for Rohingya refugee children, this study led to the development of recommendations for enabling policies and inclusive science and scientific literacy can pave the path for a better future for the prosecuted Rohingya refugee children.
Comparative Case Study, Educational Policy, Refugee education, Rohingya Refugee, Science education, Scientific literacy, Vertical Axes
Rahman, S., & Buck, G. (2023). Critical Features of Science Education: A Comparison between Global and National Education Policy for Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh. Journal of Research in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, 6(2), 83-98. https://doi.org/10.31756/jrsmte.623
- A sustainable policy for Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. (2019, December 27). https://www.crisisgroup.org/asia/south-asia/bangladesh/303-sustainable-policy-rohingya-refugees-bangladesh
- Anderson, A., Hyll-Larsen, P., & Hofmann, J. (2011). The Right to Education for Children in Emergencies. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 2(1), 84–126. https://doi.org/10.1163/187815211X586151
- Aydin, H., Gundogdu, M., & Akgul, A. (2019). Integration of Syrian Refugees in Turkey: Understanding the Educators’ Perception. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 20(4), 1029–1040. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-018-0638-1
- Aydin, S., Demirdögen, B., Muslu, N., & Hanuscin, D. L. (2013). Professional Journals as a Source of PCK for Teaching Nature of Science: An Examination of Articles Published in “The Science Teacher (TST) (an NSTA Journal),” 1995-2010. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 24(6), 977–997. https://proxyiub.uits.iu.edu/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=EJ1038972&site=eds-live&scope=site
- Bartlett, L., & Vavrus, F. (2009). Introduction Knowing, Comparatively. In Critical Approaches to Comparative Education: Vertical Case Studies from Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas (p. 18). Palgrave Macmillan US; Springer Nature eBooks. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230101760_1
- Bash, L., & Zezlina‐Phillips, E. (2006). Identity, boundary and schooling: Perspectives on the experiences and perceptions of refugee children . Intercultural Education, 17(1), 113–128. https://doi.org/10.1080/14675980500502123
- Bauman, E., & Miller, S. D. (n.d.). Comprehensive literature review of Global Public Policy: Creating a framework for understanding Global Refugee Policy. 87, 41.
- Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.3316/QRJ0902027
- Dryden-Peterson, S. (2016a). Policies for Education in Conflict and Post-Conflict Reconstruction. In K. Mundy, A. Green, B. Lingard, & A. Verger (Eds.), The Handbook of Global Education Policy (pp. 189–205). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118468005.ch10
- Dryden-Peterson, S. (2016b). Refugee Education: The Crossroads of Globalization. Educational Researcher, 45(9), 473–482. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X16683398
- Dryden-Peterson, S. (2017). Refugee education: Education for an unknowable future. Curriculum Inquiry, 47(1), 14–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/03626784.2016.1255935
- Dryden-Peterson, S., Adelman, E., Bellino, M. J., & Chopra, V. (2019). The Purposes of Refugee Education: Policy and Practice of Including Refugees in National Education Systems. Sociology of Education, 92(4), 346–366. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038040719863054
- Education Strategy 2010-2012. (2019).
- Esveld, B. V. (2019). “Are We Not Human?” https://www.hrw.org/report/2019/12/03/are-we-not-human/denial-education-rohingya-refugee-children-bangladesh
- Esveld, B. V. (2020, January 29). A step forward for 10,000 Rohingya refugee children. Human Rights Watch. https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/01/29/step-forward-10000-rohingya-refugee-children
- Fahmina Karim, M. U. H. (2020). No education – lost generation: The right to education of stateless Rohingyas in bangladesh. https://www.inclusive-citizenship.no/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/2021-02-24_Fahmina-Karim.pdf
- Hargrave, K., & Barbelet, V. (2019, December 2). The Global Compact on Refugees: Lessons from Bangladesh. ODI: Think Change. https://odi.org/en/publications/the-global-compact-on-refugees-lessons-from-bangladesh/
- Jain, A., & Lee, J. (2017). Interviewing Refugee Children: Theory, Policy, and Practice with Traumatized Asylum Seekers Notes. Yale Journal of Law and Feminism, 29(2), 421–464. https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/yjfem29&i=427
- Jakobi, A. P. (2009). Global education policy in the making: International organizations and lifelong learning. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 7(4), 473–487. https://doi.org/10.1080/14767720903412275
- Karim, A., & Hussain, F. (2019). ‘When Will You Start Teaching the REAL Curriculum?’: Challenges and Innovations in Education for Rohingya Refugees. In P. Nielsen & H. C. Kimaro (Eds.), Information and Communication Technologies for Development. Strengthening Southern-Driven Cooperation as a Catalyst for ICT4D (Vol. 551, pp. 675–686). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18400-1_55
- Kirk, J., & Winthrop, R. (2007). Promoting Quality Education in Refugee Contexts: Supporting Teacher Development in Northern Ethiopia. International Review of Education / Internationale Zeitschrift Für Erziehungswissenschaft / Revue Internationale de l’Education, 53(5/6), 715–723. https://www.jstor.org/stable/27715426
- Laugksch, R. C. (2000). Scientific literacy: A conceptual overview. Science Education, 84(1), 71–94. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-237X(200001)84:1<71::AID-SCE6>3.0.CO;2-C
- Lee, S. (2013). Education as a Human Right in the 21st Century. Democracy and Education, 21(1). https://democracyeducationjournal.org/home/vol21/iss1/1
- Maysa Jalbout & Katy Bullard. (2022). Key tensions in refugee education. Brookings Institution. https://cdn.givingcompass.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/17144540/Key-tensions-in-refugee-education_FINAL-VERSION-1.pdf
- Menashy, F., & Dryden-Peterson, S. (2015). The Global Partnership for Education’s evolving support to fragile and conflict-affected states. International Journal of Educational Development, 44, 82–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2015.07.001
- Milner, J. (2014). Can Global Refugee Policy Leverage Durable Solutions? Lessons from Tanzania’s Naturalization of Burundian Refugees. Journal of Refugee Studies, 27(4), 553–573. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feu023
- Milton, A. H., Rahman, M., Hussain, S., Jindal, C., Choudhury, S., Akter, S., Ferdousi, S., Mouly, T. A., Hall, J., & Efird, J. T. (2017). Trapped in Statelessness: Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(8), Article 8. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14080942
- Pinson, H., & Arnot, M. (2010). Local conceptualizations of the education of asylum‐seeking and refugee students: From hostile to holistic models. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 14(3), 247–267. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603110802504523
- Prodip, M. A. (2017). Health and Educational Status of Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh. Journal of Population and Social Studies [JPSS], 25(2), Article 2. https://so03.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jpss/article/view/102280
- Prodip, M. A., & Garnett, J. (2019). : An Analysis of the Policies, Practices, and Limitations. In Comparative Perspectives on Refugee Youth Education. Routledge.
- Prodip, M., & Garnett, J. (2019). Emergency Education for Rohingya Refugee Children in Bangladesh: An analysis of Policies, Practices and Limitations. (pp. 191–219). https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429433719
- Rahman, M. I., & Missingham, B. (2018). Education in Emergencies: Examining an Alternative Endeavour in Bangladesh. In R. Chowdhury, M. Sarkar, F. Mojumder, & M. M. Roshid (Eds.), Engaging in Educational Research: Revisiting Policy and Practice in Bangladesh (pp. 65–87). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-0708-9_4
- Reidy, K. (2020, February 10). Expanding education for Rohingya refugee children in Bangladesh. Unicef. https://www.unicef.org/rosa/stories/expanding-education-rohingya-refugee-children-bangladesh
- Rohingya: Donors Should Require Including Education. (2020, October 22). Human Rights Watch. https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/10/22/rohingya-donors-should-require-including-education
- Rohingya emergency. (n.d.). UNHCR. Retrieved December 13, 2022, from https://www.unhcr.org/rohingya-emergency.html
- Roth, W.-M., & Barton, A. C. (2004). Rethinking Scientific Literacy. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203463918
- Roth, W.-M., & Lee, S. (2004). Science education as/for participation in the community. Science Education, 88(2), 263–291. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.10113
- Shen, B. S. P. (1975). Science Literacy and the Public Understanding of Science. Communication of Scientific Information, 44–52. https://doi.org/10.1159/000398072
- Shohel, M. M. C. (2022). Education in emergencies: Challenges of providing education for Rohingya children living in refugee camps in Bangladesh. Education Inquiry, 13(1), 104–126. https://doi.org/10.1080/20004508.2020.1823121
- Sinclair, M. (2001). Education iin emergencies (Learning for a Future: Refugee Education in Developing Countries, pp. 1–84). United Nations Publications.
- Srmp, Z. P. C., & Kamal, N. M. (2019). INEE Minimum Standards for Education: A Brief Overview (SSRN Scholarly Paper No. 3371229). https://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=3371229
- Taylor, S., & Sidhu, R. K. (2012). Supporting refugee students in schools: What constitutes inclusive education? International Journal of Inclusive Education, 16(1), 39–56. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603110903560085
- United Nations High Commissioner for. (n.d.). The Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Building Capacity for Rapid and Predictable Humanitarian Response. UNHCR. Retrieved January 13, 2023, from https://www.unhcr.org/events/conferences/59e5f4617/rohingya-refugee-crisis-building-capacity-rapid-predictable-humanitarian.html
- UNHCR. (2020, July 22). A Framework for Refugee Education. Giving Compass. https://givingcompass.org/pdf/a-framework-for-refugeeeducation/?gclid=CjwKCAjwx6WDBhBQEiwA_dP8rXTXyUnTUxo61gsvg91KK50oxn DaJUGVowry-YEaJ3l1V1UF6yoJ-xoCaMAQAvD_BwE
- UNHCR (2010). Convention and Protocol Reading to the status of Refugees. Geneva: UNHCR
- UNHCR (2011e). UNHCR Global Appeal 2011 Update. Geneva: UNHCR.
- UNHCR (n.d.). The 1951 Refugee Convention. Geneva: UNHCR. https://www.unhcr.org/en- us/3b66c2aa10
- UNHCR (2012). Education Strategy 2010-2012. Geneva: UNHCR
- Waters, T. , & LeBlanc, K. (2005). Refugees and Education: Mass Public Schooling without a Nation‐State. Comparative Education Review, 49(2), 129–147. https://doi.org/10.1086/428102
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.